June 2011 Philippine Supreme Court Decisions on Tax Law

Here are selected June 2011 rulings of the Supreme Court of the Philippines on tax law:

National Internal Revenue Code

National Internal Revenue Code; irrevocability of option to carry-over excess income tax payments. The last sentence of Section 76 of the National Internal Revenue Code, stating that “[o]nce the option to carry-over and apply the excess quarterly income tax against income tax due for the taxable quarters of the succeeding taxable years has been made, such option shall be considered irrevocable for that taxable period and no application for cash refund or issuance of a tax credit certificate shall be allowed therefor,” is clear in its mandate. Once the corporation exercises the option to carry-over and apply the excess quarterly income tax against the tax due for the taxable quarters of the succeeding taxable years, such option is irrevocable for that taxable period. Having chosen to carry-over the excess quarterly income tax, the corporation cannot thereafter choose to apply for a cash refund or for the issuance of a tax credit certificate for the amount representing such overpayment. Commissioner of Internal Revenue vs. Mirant (Philippines) Operations, Corporation, G.R. No. 171742; Mirant (Philippines) Operations, Corporation vs. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, G.R. No. 176165; June 15, 2011.

National Internal Revenue Code; requisites for claiming tax credit or refund of creditable withholding taxes. The requisites for claiming a tax credit or a refund of creditable withholding tax are as follows: (1) the claim must be filed with the Commissioner of Internal Revenue within the two-year period from the date of the payment of the tax; (2) it must be shown on the return that the income received was declared as part of the gross income; and (3) the fact of withholding must be established by a copy of a statement duly issued by the payor to the payee showing the amount paid and the amount of the tax withheld. Commissioner of Internal Revenue vs. Mirant (Philippines) Operations, Corporation, G.R. No. 171742; Mirant (Philippines) Operations, Corporation vs. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, G.R. No. 176165; June 15, 2011.

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